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In this episode Dave visits Lookout Farm in Natick, Massachusetts to discuss Asian Pears with John Burns.
Meet our nine (9) varieties of Asian Pears - Atago, Hosui, Kosui, Niitaka, Olympic (Korean Giant), Shinko, Shinseiki (New Century), Shinsui & Yoinashi. We have 14 of these fruit trees and we planted them in our "mini orchard" in our backyard. We have done a series of videos on these fruit trees 4 years ago, but at the time Aiman was only 9 years old. Unfortunately the quality of those video somehow has degraded over time, so we're re-doing them. This video gives you an overview of the varieties that we have, but if you're interested in finding out more about a particular cultivar, make sure you check out the following individual videos, all of which are listed in the following playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLWTQPaDoIjN2wXZcB5C68YDRG4wXwJLNv These Asian Pear fruit trees are about 6-8 years old. We planted them bare roots. If you want to find out how to plant bare root trees please check out our tutorial video on that topic. Asian pear cultivars are partially self-fruitful but better crops are set where two or more cultivars are planted together. Because there is no required spacing and they grow upright & shallow, you can plant many of these trees in a small space in your front or back yard. They're vigorous and heavy bearing. A few fruit trees will give you ample supply for your enjoyment throughout the summer and fall months. Because of Asian pears' increasing popularity, more varieties than ever are available to home gardeners. And that's good news, because Asian pears sold commercially are often picked before they are ripe. Unlike European pears, Asian pears must be tree-ripened for peak flavor and sweetness. Once picked, the fruits will not ripen further. By growing your own, you can decide when the fruit has reached peak flavor. We purchased these asian pears from a nursery in Pennsylvania and we ordered them online. There are many nurseries which you can ordered them online from. Some of them are Adams County Nursery, Dave Wilson, Grandpa's Orchard, Willis Orchards Company, One Green World, Penryn Orchard Specialties, Stark Bros Nurseries, Raintree, Nature Hills, Ty Ty, Peaceful Valley Farm Supply, Monrovia, Swanson, Fast Growing Trees and many more, even on Amazon.com, eBay, patio bloom, bonanza & etsy. You can also find them potted during spring planting season at local nurseries such as Home Depot, Lowes and Walmart. But if you're only interested in eating these amazingly tasty fruits of the trees you can visit local fruit orchards such as Lyman Orchard in our area. I'm sure you can find similar ones in your areas. About Asian Pears: Asian pears have been grown commercially in Asia for centuries. In Japan about 500,000 tonnes are grown and some fruit is exported to the United States in October and November. China and Korea also grow these pears for domestic consumption and export to the United States and Canada. Asian pears are deliciously sweet and low in acidity, and each variety has a distinctive bouquet. In China, Japan, and Korea, thousands of different varieties are cultivated, and even in this country, a few dozen varieties are commercially available. Asian pears comprise a large group of pears that are crisp in texture and, when mature, are good to eat as soon as harvested or for several months after picking if held in cold storage. This ready-to-eat feature may make them more acceptable to some people than European pears that are usually served when soft and juicy, which condition takes about a week to occur after removal from cold storage. Asian pears do not change texture after picking or storage as do European pears such as 'Bartlett' or 'Comice'. Often Asian pears are called apple pears because they are crisp and juicy like apples but with a different and distinctive texture. They also are called salad pears, Nashi (Japanese for "pear"), Oriental, Chinese or Japanese pears (Nihonnashi). All Asian pears today are selected seedlings or crosses made within Pyrus serotina. The fruits may be smooth and thin-skinned, in colors ranging from moonlight yellow, and yellow-green, to caramel, or they may be russeted shades of these. Although fruit flavor is a major factor when selecting varieties, consider also disease resistance and hardiness, which are determined in large part by the rootstock. As a rule, Asian pears do well in the same places as European pears. They grow in USDA Hardiness Zones 5 through 9, though some varieties, such as 'Seuri' and 'Ya Li', are hardy to zone 4. Typical chill requirements range from 300 to 600 hours (for trees to fruit and grow properly, they require a minimum number of hours with temperatures that fall below 45 degrees F (but remain above freezing). 'Hosui', 'Shinseiki', and 'Twentieth Century' are least chill sensitive and are best suited to warmer regions such as zone 9.
Winter pruning nashi pears to encourage more fruiting buds, fruiting close to main branches and reduce their heights. Pruning to 'vase' shape, removing inward growing and dead branches. As tree gets older, the size remains same whilst the roots get bigger, so fruiting improves.
The repetitive rituals of watering, pruning and shaping minute trees is a life of devotion, giving Bonsai master Chiako Yamamoto a serene connection to nature and time itself. Watch Extraordinary Rituals Friday on BBC Two: http://bit.ly/exrituals Subscribe: http://bit.ly/SubscribeToEarthUnplugged Animal Slow Motion: http://bit.ly/EarthUnpluggedSlowMotionTimelapse Expeditions: http://bit.ly/EarthUnpluggedExpeditionsAndLocationFilms Big Questions with Maddie Moate: http://bit.ly/BigQuestionsWithMaddieMoate Wilderness Sessions: http://bit.ly/WildernessSessionsFilms Check out the other two channels in the BBC Earth network: BBC Earth: http://bit.ly/BBCEarthYouTubeChannel BBC Earth Lab: http://bit.ly/BBCEarthLabYouTubeChannel Extraordinary Rituals Extraordinary Rituals explores the spectacular and emotional world of rituals. Welcome to Earth Unplugged! We make films about the incredible natural world, we investigate the conundrums, quirks and beautiful science of our amazing planet, delving into the BBC vaults and mixing it up with our own stuff to take a brand new look at Earth. Want to share your views with the team behind BBC Earth and win prizes? Join our fan panel here: http://tinyurl.com/YouTube-BBCEarth-FanPanel This is a channel from BBC Studios who help fund new BBC programmes. Service information and feedback: http://bbcworldwide.com/vod-feedback--contact-details.aspx
If you love Asian Pear but have limited space in your backyard, these two varieties are a good choice to plant. These 2 are Shinseiki & Hosui. We've done several videos on these varieties in the past, but just wanted to show you the abundant of fruits on these trees year after year. This video is recorded in August of 2018 and the trees are about 8-9 years old.
The following are the 2 videos we did on these two varieties last year:
1) https://youtu.be/NnjGlFOixt4 - Shinseiki Asian Pear - Early Ripening Nashi With Juicy Sweet Refreshing Crisp Like An Apple
2) https://youtu.be/0_T3P6jELYA - Hosui: The Best Asian Pear, Incredibly Tasty I Cant Stop Eating Them, A Must Nashi To Plant
Hosui is the the best-flavored and tastiest of all the Asian pears! Hosui fruits are incredibly tasty & delicious. At orchards and nurseries, Hosui has consistently been rated the best-tasting Asian pear and scored extremely high in taste-tests elsewhere.
Ripening in late August, fruit is mildly flavored, large to medium with attractive, round globular shape and a crisp like apple, sweet, refreshing, flavorful, juicy off-white flesh. Skin has an excellent golden yellow-brown, heavily russeted with pronounced lenticels. Tree is vigorous, willowy and spreading. Good resistance to pear-scab disease. Susceptible to fireblight. Requires thinning to attain maximum fruit size.
From Japanese breeding program, introduced in 1972; (Kikusui x Yakumo) x Yakumo. Sugar content usually 12 brix or higher
but less sweet or more tart in the North. It has a long storage life. Storage life is approximately 2 months.
Shinseiki is one of the earliest ripening nashi with juicy, sweet with a bit of tartness, refreshing and crisp like an apple. The fruit is medium & uniform in size, globular lopsided in shape, green to pale yellow when ripe, with smooth creamy white flesh. It ripens in mid-August after Shinsui and before Hosui. Fruits hang on the trees well. Although tree ripening is best, you may have to compete with birds, insects and bugs but its heavy bearing may give you a slight edge.
Shinseiki trees are vigorous, healthy and spreading not not as susceptible to fire blight as many regular pears. Thin the fruit heavily to singles for best fruit size. Clip or cut off when thinning or harvesting to avoid pulling the stem out or damaging the fruit.
Shinseiki means "New Century" in Japanese, and since it is similar in appearance to Twentieth Century, perhaps this is why it was so named. It was released in 1945.
About Asian Pear:
Asian pears are often called apple pears because they are crisp like an apple, but have a pear-like flavor and aroma. Asian pears have been grown commercially in Asia for centuries. In Japan about 500,000 tonnes are grown and some fruit is exported to the United States in October and November. China and Korea also grow these pears for domestic consumption and export to the United States and Canada.
While slightly exotic, they are relatively easy to grow. Most trees cultivated for home gardens are dwarf varieties that reach only 8' to 15' tall. Popular types include Shinseiki, Atago, Kosui, Hosui, Niitaka, Yoinashi, Shinsui, Korean Giant and Shinko.
Where To Buy Them From:
If you are interested in planting these trees, there are many nurseries which you can ordered them online from. Some of them are Adams County Nursery, Dave Wilson, Grandpa's Orchard, Willis Orchards Company, One Green World, Penryn Orchard Specialties,Stark Bros Nurseries, Raintree, Nature Hills, Ty Ty, Peaceful Valley Farm Supply, Monrovia, Swanson, Fast Growing Trees and many more, even on Amazon.com, eBay, patio bloom, bonanza & etsy.
You can watch watch all of our 10 NEW videos covering the 9 varieties we have by clicking on the following playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLWTQPaDoIjN2wXZcB5C68YDRG4wXwJLNv